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Indigenous flora and fauna

Maroondah has a vast diversity of flora and fauna, including many rare and threatened species who depend upon our distinct habitat types. 

Habitat types within Maroondah

There are 13 distinct habitat types within Maroondah.

  • Wetlands
  • Herb-rich plains grassy wetland
  • Swamp scrub
  • Manna gum riparian forest
  • Swamp gum forest
  • Silver-leafed stringybark forest
  • Messmate subriparian forest
  • Mixed eucalypt forest of silver-leafed stringybark
  • Mixed eucalypt forest of messmate stringybark
  • Messmate and narrow-leafed peppermint
  • Yellow box - candlebark forest
  • Peppermint and bundy forest
  • Box-stringybark woodland.

Flora species in Maroondah

There are approximately 460 indigenous flora species in Maroondah. 

Of these, there are 9 plants in Maroondah that are listed as rare or threatened under the Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1988). Some of these species include:

  • swamp everlasting
  • Lindley's spider orchid
  • Kilsyth South spider orchid
  • tall wallaby grass
  • thin duckweed
  • golden cowslip
  • two species of diuris
  • sharp greenhood.

Bird species in Maroondah

Maroondah has 117 indigenous bird species. 

Fragmentation of remnant habitat has meant that nearly all indigenous bird species recorded in the municipality are of biological significance at a municipal level. 

There are 4 bird species that occur in Maroondah that have not previously been recorded in the Atlas of Victorian Wildlife. They are:

  • royal spoonbill
  • Australian shelduck
  • black-winged stilt
  • ·olive whistler. 

Mammals in Maroondah

Mammals in Maroondah include:

  • koala
  • swamp wallaby
  • echidna
  • native water rat. 

In total Maroondah has 18 indigenous and 6 introduced mammals. Some of these species include:

  • white-striped freetail bat
  • common ringtail possum
  • brown antechinus
  • sugar glider.

Amphibians in Maroondah

Maroondah has 2 major creeks and many wetlands that support 9 species of frogs, including:

  • Peron's tree frog
  • spotted marsh frog
  • southern toadlet.

Reptiles in Maroondah

Other fauna include reptiles such as:

  • red-bellied black snake
  • white-lipped snake
  • lowland copperhead snake
  • blotched blue tongue
  • McCoy's skink
  • common long-necked tortoise. 

There are 10 species of reptile recorded in Maroondah's Sites of Biological Significance Study in Maroondah Vol. 1. Lorimer et al. 1997.

Butterflies in Maroondah

There are 24 species of butterfly recorded, including the elusive sword-grass brown butterfly.

Further information

See Indigenous gardens or contact Council on 1300 88 22 33.

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